Choosing The Right Footwear

Choosing a wrong footwear can be directly linked to many problems for foot. the lower legs, knees, hips, the lower back and even further up the spine.

From our daily contact with customers and patients we have found an obvious need for better information regarding both exercise and walking shoes.

Using proper shoes for sports and even for daily activities is a vital for every individual. Most of those who have a structural problem in their foot and ankle, they never know until they feel pain or discomfort in an activity or during walking.
A good footwear can balance the pressure among your foot parts,correct your posture, remove extra pressure on non weight bearing parts of the foot and can help you to have a more comfortable walk.

A good shoes usually have:

  • Weather resistant
  • Breathable upper
  • Soft tongue
  • Shoelaces
  • Sturdy heel cap/ heel support
  • Ruff patterned inner sole
  • Interchangeable inner sole
  • Generous toe space
  • Torsion resistant sole
  • Shock absorbing, beleveled heel
  • Differing shoe widths

However, those who have a structural problems or recurrent injuries in their foot and ankle,such as flat foot (Pes Planus,over Pronation) or, High arch foot (over supination,Pes Cavus), Bunion, Heel Spur and Plantar Fasciitis, Morton’s Neuroma, Callus and corns, Hammertoes and recurrent ankle sprain, require specific type of shoes which help them to manage with their problem.

Flat Foot: These cases usually need medicated insoles (Foot levelers) to give them more support for their collapsed arch and correct their hyper pronation and remove extra weight on one foot.

High arch foot: use of foot orthoses and specialised cushioned footwear to reduce and redistribute plantar pressure
Bunion are usually occures by thigh and too narrow shoes, specially in ladies with prolong use of high heels. In these patients they have to use some toe seperators inside their medicated extra wide shoes to dive their toes enough space.

Heel spur and Plantar Fasciitis: shoes for these people should also be wide enough with shock absorber on the heel to reduce the pressure on the heel.

Morton’s Neuroma: Those with Pointed toe shoes and elevated heels put pressure on the ball of the foots and hurt their nerve. For these cases, shoes that provide adequate foot space and orthotics with a metatarsal pad to relieve pressure put on the ball of the foot are recommended.

Callus and corn: Both may be caused by ill-fitting shoes and will fade when friction stops. Moleskin pads can help relieve a corn. Calluses can be trimmed or surgically corrected.

Recurrent Ankle sprain: These cases usually needs a shoes with more stability and higher pillars to support the ankle and avoid extra movements in the ankle joint.

The following two tabs change content below.
Parisa Tanoori

Parisa Tanoori

Physiotherapist at Physio Savvy
Parisa is certified with a Bachelor of Science in Physiotherapy from Shiraz University of Medical Science, Iran. She is currently completing her PhD in Sports Medicine with the special interest of Kinesiology taping in Universiti Malaya.
Parisa Tanoori

Latest posts by Parisa Tanoori (see all)

Posted in Foot Conditions.