Foot Problems Due to Shoes

As I mentioned in my previous article, there are many conditions that occur due to the different shoes we wear. I will be going in detail here about those conditions.

Ankle Sprain
It is the twisting movement of the ankle followed by swelling and pain. This normally means you have stretched your ligaments beyond their ability to to recoil back and have caused damage to them.
Lateral Sprains are more common with high heels than medial. The sprain can be in the range of mild to severe, in cases of mild sprain there is just slight damage to the ligament, but severe cases means there maybe a tear in the ligament.
A sprained ankle is Immobilized and needs physiotherapy.
The more the ankle is sprained the higher the risk of osteroarthrithis.
One move done to reduce this is switch from stilettos to thicker heels and switch from higher heels to ones that are about 2 inches or less.

Plantar Fasciitis
There is a band of tissue called plantar fascia that runs along the bottom of the foot. When you are walking or running it tends to pull on the heel, because thats where it stops. It needs a good arch to work at it’s optimum position. Walking bare foot or with thin shoes can overstretch, inflame or tear the fascia. This is very common and leads to intense pain over the bottom of the feet.
Solution for this is rest, Ultrasound, Ice, Kinesio tape and ofcourse shoes with good arch support.

Bunions
A bunion is a painful lump at the base of the big toe, causes the toe to bend unnaturally. Forms when the tissue or the bone at the base joint get displaced, occurs after years of abnormal pressure and movement.
Tight shoes and closed pointy shoes are a big contributor.

Corn and Calluses
Friction causes corn and calluses to form by thickening and hardening the dead skin to protect the sensitive skin.
Corn appears like a cone shaped which points into the skin and occurs on areas which bear little or no weight.
Calluses may appear anywhere there is friction and are more spread out.
Both are caused due to Ill fitted shoes and will fade when there is no friction.

Hammer Toe
Occurs when the muscle of the toe get out of balance, leading to painful toe problems. Yes there are some people who are prone to hammer toe but the other risks include tight foot wear. It causes the middle of the joint of the toe to bend downwards with the toes appearing raised near the foot. Solution? Proper footwear with good amount of space at the toe box. If there is no relief then surgery is an option.

Ingrown Nail
This is basically a nail which has grown into the skin leading to pain, redness, swelling and even infection of the toe. This occurs due to cutting nails too short, not straight across, injury to the toe nail and wearing incorrect shoe size.
Can be treated by soaking feet in warm water keeping it clean and lifting nail off the skin.

These are some of the major issues that occur if the shoe is not proper, there are many other risk as well. So let;s make sure we wear the right shoe with enough support. You can always ask us for help with any of the above.

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Karishma Jhaveri

Karishma Jhaveri

Physiotherapist at Physio Savvy
Karishma completed her Bachelors in Physiotherapy from Manipal, India and has also completed Mulligan therapy certificaion. In Manipal Hospital, she worked for 3 years in clinical placement under several areas including diabetic clinic, pediatric wards, burns ICU and cardiac ICU. She then continued working in Mumbai under the President of Indian Association of physiotherapy Dr Ali Irani. Her work also includes health surveys in India for WHO in rural parts near Manipal, and she has taken a special interest in working with children.
Karishma Jhaveri

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Posted in Foot Conditions.