The application of sports taping is widely used among athletes both in rehabilitation and in the prevention of sport injuries and sometimes it is used to support muscles during activities and sports. Kinesiology taping is a technique which was developed to either stimulate or limit movement and correct muscle function by strengthening muscle weakness. Such tape can provide opportunity for joints to increase how much load they can take and for muscles to optimize their activation, as well as to even out the movements and power of the joint during the performance.
Kinesiology tape is relatively waterproof and it has a special weave and viscosity that allows ventilation for the skin. According to the studies the effects of the Kinesio tape can be last for 3 to 5 days. It should be removed if there is itching or any allergic reaction.
Kinesio tape should be applied at least 30 minutes before vigorous activity and always onto clean dry skin. This period of time will allow the tape to provoke the neuromuscular system and also stimulate proprioception (joint deep sense).
Different techniques for applying the kinesio tape:
1. Facilitation technique which helps the muscle to work better. We usually use this technique for weak muscles which we want to activate or for making the healthy muscle to activate better and to increase the time before reaching fatigue. The effective stretching of the tape in this technique should be between 15 to 35 percent of its normal length.
2. Inhibition technique which is used for overused muscles or for those muscles which have tightness or spasm. It releases the fibers and help them to reduce their activities. This technique usually is used in the acute phase of the muscle injury. The effective stretching of the tape in this technique should be between 15 to 25 percent of its normal length.
3. Corrective technique which is used to amend some structural problems or to realign some deformities such as for Patellar maltracking to pull the patella in or out or for Carpal Tunnel syndrome to decompress the structures beneath the tunnel to remove the pressure. The effective stretching of the tape in this technique can be varied according to the purpose we are applying the tape.
In physiotherapy and rehabilitaion, kinesiology tape is widely used for muscular problems such as muscle pain, stiffness and spasm. It is also effective for those who have weak muscles and intend to start working out, Kinesiology tape with muscle training is a good combination to strengthen the muscles.
It is said that correctional technique is used in physiotherapy for those with knee pain (Patellar Maltracking), or foot sole pain (plantar fasciitis), or wrist pain (carpal tunnel syndrome) to correct the deformities.
Physio Savvy has physiotherapists trained in Kinesio Taping to provide professional and effective taping for a multitude of problems.