Knee Pain

How does knee pain occur?

Most people of all ages have experienced a minor knee pain at one time or another in their life and the symptoms may develop from daily activity, overuse, or injury. Knee injuries most often occur during sports or recreational activities, work-related tasks, or home projects unless there is an structural problem or disorder which may cause pain even without any vigorous activity.

The person can feel the pain on various areas of the knee and the location of knee pain can help identify the problem.

  • Pain on the sides of the knee is commonly related to injuries to the collateral ligaments, arthritis, or tears to the meniscus.
  • Pain on the front of the knee can be due to bursitis, arthritis, or softening of the patella cartilage- known as chondromalacia.
  • Pain in the back of the knee can be caused by arthritis or cysts, known as Baker’s cysts.
  • Instability, or giving way, is also another common knee problem. Instability is usually associated with damage or problems with the meniscuses or collateral ligaments.

 

Signs and Symptoms:

  1. Centralized Pain or diffused ache in the knee joint
  2. Difficulty in walking due to instability of the knee
  3. Locking of the knee (unable to bend the knee)
  4. Redness and swelling
  5. Inability to extend the knee
  6. Pain during or after activities such as running, taking the stairs

Causes and Contributing Factors:

  1. Acute injury: Fracture, dislocation, torn ligament
  2. Medical conditions: arthritis, infections
  3. Chronic use/overuse conditions: Tendinitis, osteoarthritis, patellar problems and Bursitis
  4. Flatfoot
  5. Instability at the hip causing rotation at the knee
  6. Increase in the stress on the knee joint with excess weight
  7. Overuse during repetitive motions or work conditions

Diagnosis:

Physiotherapist performs an examination of the knee. This includes

  1. Looking at the activity that is causing pain, such as running
  2. Bending the knee through the full range of motion,
  3. Evaluating for any tenderness and swelling
  4. Checking for stability of the ligaments
  5. Checking for tears in the meniscus
  6. Screening of the hip and foot to see if they are contributing in any way

It is often helpful to compare the results of the examination of the painful knee with the other side.

Physiotherapy treatment:

After determining the cause of the pain, your physiotherapist at Physio Savvy will draw up a proper rehabilitation plan for the patient in order to strengthen the muscles around the knee joint, to make it more stable and help guarantee the best mechanical movement. Experts here will do some mobilization techniques with the hands and with some devices to release the joint and reposition the misaligned knee. We usually apply various taping techniques base on the patient’s problem, to help the knee to regain its normal biomechanics.

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Parisa Tanoori

Parisa Tanoori

Physiotherapist at Physio Savvy
Parisa is certified with a Bachelor of Science in Physiotherapy from Shiraz University of Medical Science, Iran. She is currently completing her PhD in Sports Medicine with the special interest of Kinesiology taping in Universiti Malaya.
Parisa Tanoori

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Posted in Sports Injuries.