Trigger Finger

Why suddenly I got my fingers stuck when I move it?
Sometimes it cause  pain!
Got my fingers checked and….  Blimey, its trigger finger!

So What is trigger finger?
Trigger finger is a condition that affects the tendons in your hand. When the affected finger or thumb is bent towards the palm, your tendon gets stuck and the finger clicks or locks. Trigger finger can affect one or more fingers.

Why do I suddenly got this condition?
Trigger finger occurs when your tendon in the finger or thumb thickens and gets caught when the finger is bent towards the palm, resulting in a painful with clicking or locking. Sometimes, the tendon will pop free and your finger will be able to move again, but it may become stuck in a permanently bent position.

What Causing it?
There is often no specific cause of trigger finger, nonetheless it is more common in women and more common in people who have previously injured their finger or thumb, for example, Dupuytren’s contracture and De Quervain’s tenosynovitis. Other medical conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), diabetes and gout also increase the chance of developing trigger finger.

What are the symptoms/ effects of Trigger finger?
Symptoms of trigger finger may include:

  • Pain at the base of the affected finger or thumb

  • A nodule (a small growth or lump of tissue) at the base of the affected finger or thumb

  • Stiffness or clicking when you move the affected finger or thumb, particularly first thing in the morning. Over time it may be difficult to straighten the finger or thumb and it may stay in a bent position.

Diagnosing Trigger Finger
A diagnosis of trigger finger can be confirmed by a physiotherapist or doctor, who will assess your finger and hand thoroughly.

How should I treat this condition?
Conservative treatment for trigger finger may include splinting and or steroid injections. To prevent the finger becoming locked during the night time, some people will be provided with a splint and they have to wear it at night. Many people can be successfully treated with a steroid injection into the finger or palm, to reduce swelling.

Physiotherapy treatment in conjunction with steroid injections and splinting will optimise your recovery.

Surgery may be required if conservative methods are not successful. Surgery is a simple, safe and quick procedure under local anaesthetic.

Physiotherapy and Trigger Finger
Physiotherapists at Physio Savvy provide specialised hand therapy for people who do not require surgery and for people who have had surgery.

Physiotherapy treatment will help to reduce swelling, relieve pain and stiffness and regain functional movement of the finger, so that you can get back to your daily tasks as soon as possible.

Physiotherapy treatment at Physio Savvy may include:

  • Soft tissue massage to reduce swelling and accelerate healing

  • Joint mobilisation

  • Manual soft tissue release

  • Passive stretching

  • Supervised hand and finger exercise program to regain strength, dexterity (skills of using hand) and flexibility

It is important to start your Physiotherapy session soon after diagnosis to prevent the condition from getting worse and to get you back to your normal level of functioning.

Physiotherapist at Physio Savvy will guide you through your individualised treatment program to ensure a speedy return to daily active tasks and activities, either at home or at work.

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Afiq Muhammad

Afiq Muhammad

Physiotherapist at Physio Savvy
Afiq Graduated with BSc (Hons) in Physiotherapy from MARA University of Technology. His past work experience involves varied cases in various fields, making his patient care hollistic and patient based. He is most interested and experienced in the fields of musculoskeletal conditions and sporting injuries.
Afiq Muhammad

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Posted in Musculoskeletal Disorders.